Today I will share part 2 of your herbs and fruits of summer....
Herbs And Fruits For Summer
Eyebright (euphrasia officinalis)
Description: Small creeping perennial with small toothed leaves. Small white flowers, tinged red and yellow in center.
Habitat: Thrives in European meadows and grasslands, where it is semi-parasitic on the local wild grasses.
Part Used: Aerial parts
Preparations: Infusion and tincture
Medicinal Action: Powerful antiseptic, astringent and anti-inflammatory action. Traditionally used to treat eye infections, hay fever and sinus infections. Its astringent action helps to tighten the mucous membranes.
Active Ingredients: Iridoid glycosides, flavonoids and tannins
Lemon Balm (melissa officinalis)
Description: Perennial herb with lemony-scented leaves and tiny white flowers
Habitat: Sun loving herb, native to southern Europe, Asia and Africa
Part Used: Aerial
Preparations: Infusion, tincture, lotion, and essential oil
Medicinal Action: Relaxant, treats nervous digestive upsets, insect bites, bruises and toothache
Active Ingredients: Polyphenols
Chamomile (chamamelum noblile [Roman] )
Description: Aromatic, annual mat-forming herb with soft feathery leaves and daisy-like flowers
Habitat: Native to south and west European pastures and grasslands
Part Used: Flower Heads
Preparations: Infusion, tincture, syrup, infused oil, soothing compress, essential oi and herbal poultice.
Medicinal Action: Carminative, sedative for nervous disorders and insomnia. Reduces fevers and calms stomach upsets. External application for minor sunburn, diaper rash and minor wounds
Active Ingredients: Coumarins, proazulenes, farnesine and volatile oils
Cornflower (centaurea cyanus)
Description: Tall annual with branched stem and attractive blue many-floretedd flowers
Habitat: Native to the Middle East and neighboring territories
Part Used: Flowers, leaves and seeds
Medicinal Action: Antiseptic, anti-inflammatory eyewash for conjunctivitis. Also an antiseptic mouthwash for ulcers and sores. Seeds eaten as a digestive tonic and laxative
Active Ingredients: Glycosides, flavonoids, sequisterpenes
Chicory (cichorium intybus)
Description: Tall perennial with deep taproot and oblong leaves. Many petaled, bright blue flowers at midsummer
Habitat: Native to southern Europe. Thrives on disturbed, open ground
Part Used: Roots, leaves and flowers can all be used to create medical treatments
Active Ingredients: Inulin, caffeic adicd, sequisterpenes, lactones